Fruits are parts of a plant that has seeds and flesh (edible covering). A fruit is normally sweet (or sometimes sour) and can be eaten in its raw (uncooked) state. Fruits are the way plants disseminate their seeds.



1 apple
2 peach
3 pear
4 banana
5 plantain
6 plum
7 apricot
8 nectarine
9 kiwi
10 papaya
11 mango
12 fig
13 coconut
14 avocado
15 cantaloupe
16 honeydew (melon)
17 watermelon
18 pineapple
19 grapefruit
20 lemon
21 lime
22 orange
23 tangerine
24 grapes
25 cherries
26 prunes
27 dates
28 raisins
29 nuts
30 raspberries
31 blueberries
32 strawberries
fruit vocabulary

fruit vocabulary

1. apples                      9. tangerines                     17. blackberries                             25. raisins
2. bananas                  10. peaches                        18. watermelons                           26. prunes
3. grapes                     11. cherries                        19. melons                                     27. figs
4. pears                       12. apricots                        20. papayas                                  28. dates
5. oranges                   13. plums                            21. mangoes                                 29. a bunch of bananas
6. grapefruit               14. strawberries                22. kiwi                                         30. ripe banana
7. lemons                    15. raspberries                   23. pineapples                              31. unripe banana
8. limes                       16. blueberries                   24. coconuts                                  32. rotten banana

Grammatically, do you say Fruit or Fruits?

The word Fruit is a noun. The word is an exception where the noun is both countable and uncountable. So the plural of Fruit can be either Fruit OR Fruits.

When we think of Fruit as a group collectively and in a non-specific way, then we tend to use the word Fruit (without S).

  • You should eat five servings of fruit and vegetables every day.
  • Fruit is good for your health.
  • Would you like some fruit?
  • There isn’t much fresh fruit available in winter.

If you are emphasising the different kinds of fruit, then you can use fruits.

  • My three favorite fruits are bananas, melons and strawberries.
  • The supermarket has a wide selection of exotic fruits such as Papaya and Mango.
  • The juice is made from a variety of fresh fruits.
  • I love oranges and other citrus fruits.

If you are not sure which to use, the safest thing is to just use Fruit all the time.

Fruits that people think are Vegetables

The following are actually fruits in a botanical sense, though are commonly thought of as vegetables due to their culinary uses:

  • avocado, cucumber, eggplant, green beans, peppers, pumpkin, squash, tomato, zucchini

Yes, that’s right, the so called vegetables above are in reality fruit, not vegetables.

A piece of fruit

We often say a piece of fruit when we refer to one fruit (one apple, one orange etc) without specifying which one it is.

  • She always has a piece of fruit with her breakfast.

How are fruits formed?
Fruits are formed when the ovule in an ovary is fertilized in a process known as pollination,then ovary will begin to ripen. The ovule develops into a seed and the ovary wall can become fleshy such as berries, apricots, dates and drupes. A drupe is a fleshy fruits with a thin skin and and a central stone containing the seed. Fruits can have a hard outer, Nuts are a good example.

fruit diagram

fruit diagram